That is, the person who uses them has his own private definition, but allows his hearer to think he means something quite different. The first is staleness of imagery; the other is lack of precision. case study writers types of organisation They are a little below the average, but are fairly representative examples. On the one side we have the free personality: Still, if you or I were told to write a few lines on the uncertainty of human fortunes, we should probably come much nearer to my imaginary sentence than to the one from Ecclesiastes.
This time it must of its nature be an imaginary one. It follows that any struggle against the abuse of language is a sentimental archaism, like preferring candles to electric light or hansom cabs to aeroplanes. sample thesis paper statement of the problem I said earlier that the decadence of our language is probably curable.
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Probably, therefore, he will say something like this: Probably, therefore, he will say something like this:. What words will express it? I returned and saw under the sun, that the race is not to the swift, nor the battle to the strong, neither yet bread to the wise, nor yet riches to men of understanding, nor yet favour to men of skill; but time and chance happeneth to them all. In 5 , words and meaning have almost parted company.
But in between these two classes there is a huge dump of worn-out metaphors which have lost all evocative power and are merely used because they save people the trouble of inventing phrases for themselves. Here is a well-known verse from Ecclesiastes: The writer either has a meaning and cannot express it, or he inadvertently says something else, or he is almost indifferent as to whether his words mean anything or not.
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The great enemy of clear language is insincerity. Look again at the examples I gave at the beginning of this essay. purchase research paper meaning in spanish All issues are political issues, and politics itself is a mass of lies, evasions, folly, hatred, and schizophrenia. But on the other side , the social bond itself is nothing but the mutual reflection of these self-secure integrities. Probably, therefore, he will say something like this:
This page was last edited on 11 April , at It consists in gumming together long strips of words which have already been set in order by someone else, and making the results presentable by sheer humbug. Things like the continuance of British rule in India, the Russian purges and deportations, the dropping of the atom bombs on Japan, can indeed be defended, but only by arguments which are too brutal for most people to face, and which do not square with the professed aims of the political parties. custom write sign in xpath Archive All posts by date. Millions of peasants are robbed of their farms and sent trudging along the roads with no more than they can carry:
When the general atmosphere is bad, language must suffer. This time it must of its nature be an imaginary one. phd thesis database presentation in india Wodehouse , whose behavior after his capture during the Second World War understandably baffled and incensed the British public. I should expect to find — this is a guess which I have not sufficient knowledge to verify — that the German, Russian and Italian languages have all deteriorated in the last ten or fifteen years, as a result of dictatorship.
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Simple conjunctions and prepositions are replaced by such phrases as with respect to, having regard to, the fact that, by dint of, in view of, in the interests of, on the hypothesis that ; and the ends of sentences are saved by anticlimax by such resounding commonplaces as greatly to be desired, cannot be left out of account, a development to be expected in the near future, deserving of serious consideration, brought to a satisfactory conclusion, and so on and so forth. Words like phenomenon, element, individual as noun , objective, categorical, effective, virtual, basic, primary, promote, constitute, exhibit, exploit, utilize, eliminate, liquidate, are used to dress up a simple statement and give an air of scientific impartiality to biased judgements. Essays by writer Works by George Orwell British essays. Millions of peasants are robbed of their farms and sent trudging along the roads with no more than they can carry: Stuart Chase and others have come near to claiming that all abstract words are meaningless, and have used this as a pretext for advocating a kind of political quietism.
The defence of the English language implies more than this, and perhaps it is best to start by saying what it does not imply. Professor Laski 1 uses five negatives in fifty three words. Thus political language has to consist largely of euphemism, question-begging and sheer cloudy vagueness. Look again at the examples I gave at the beginning of this essay. Letter in Tribune Each of these passages has faults of its own, but, quite apart from avoidable ugliness, two qualities are common to all of them.